Architecture is an enterprise as old as man's existence on Earth, and it has thus developed simultaneously with him. It is a field that is unfailingly mentioned in all sorts of narratives about human history. In this regard, architecture is considered as a container that surrounds / encompasses man physically, biologically, and socially starting from the sheltering needs of the very first human being on Earth. What makes it possible to ponder this container thoroughly and take concrete actions to make contributions to it is the field of architecture.
One of the major fields of science through which societies and civilizations have expressed themselves and which they have handed down to future generations is architecture. The very first type of knowledge that stands right before us, that we can touch in an effort to understand the past in this present segment of time is architecture.
Architecture does not merely mean the activity of constructing a building. It also signifies a social condition, and every social issue, aspect or quality (that involves buildings) involves architecture as well. In any architectural undertaking, the people involved must be in full cognizance of the necessary philosophical approaches, sociological data, and the human's biological, physiological, and mental needs. If we are to put this from a reverse angle; architecture is a tool to appreciate and comprehend existence, man, and society, and to build something based on the resulting knowledge. Architecture, whereby perception and construction, thought and action, and the concrete and the abstract are expressed together in unison, lies at the intersection of social sciences and natural sciences in the modern sense.
The most tangible and essential works ever produced by humankind are architectural ones. In the words of the famous Turkish architect Turgut Cansever, "Architecture is a discipline that regulates and informs the relationship between human being and existence."Why Department of Architecture in Turkey?
In terms of architecture, Turkey is an extremely convenient spot with its historical, physical, intellectual and artistic richness. The architectural knowledge and experience that accumulated in Anatolia Before Christ, and the contributions made to it by the Romans, the Byzantines, the Anatolian Seljuks and principalities, the Ottomans and the Republican era have given rise to the world's most diverse and rich geography of architecture. For this reason alone, studying architecture in Turkey presents an opportunity to behold and benefit from a great number of rich architectural works.
A second but an equally important fact is the 150 years of academic tradition inherited from the Ottoman culture and enriched in the Republican period. There are nearly 60 departments of architecture scattered across Turkey.Architectural Education
In Turkey, and in the world, there are roughly five sub-divisions of research and application in the discipline of architecture. These five departments, which are essential in grasping in greater depth what architecture is, are not disconnected from each other. On the contrary, it is a must to have maximum knowledge on each of these five sub-divisions to achieve an overall mastery in the discipline of architecture. Moreover, more specific departments have emerged from the intersection of the main areas.
Department of History of Architecture: It has a curriculum that examines concrete products of architecture on a scale that ranges from the beginnings of man to the present time, investigates the basic dynamics of architectural historiography, which has differed in different eras and in line with individual cases, and associates intellectual trends, historical situations, and current readings of history with general historical narratives.
Building Information Department: It deals with the clarity of the architectural design of a building. The program investigates current constructing practices in a global sense and focuses on the relationship between theory and practice. The training process has courses and applications such as form, function, color, texture, and environment-behavior models in architecture, psychological factors, and so on, which are all issues that affect the design.
Department of Building Technology: It aims at taking a closer look at the concrete structural and technological aspects of architecture. It is an area of research that particularly focuses on the strength of the structure, its statics, power of resistance, the operating logic of its building elements such as wall, floor, and roof, the structure that will be constructed with a mixture of traditional techniques and new technologies in most cases, the construction, and the problems, limitations and the full range of the building materials.
Department of Restoration: It deals with the methods, materials, and technologies that pertain to the maintenance and preservation of old buildings and how they can be handed down to future generations. In this sense, its basic target is the social, economic and operational sustainability of old buildings.
Department of Urbanization: Although there is the distinct department of "Urban and Regional Planning", this department lives on as a sub-division of the Department of Architecture under the same name. The curriculum is largely based on lectures and seminars such as urban design, urban accessories, transportation systems, and the adaptation of the building to its immediate vicinity, large-scale architectural decisions, planning, and urban and regional law.
The basic courses in departments of architecture are project workshops. The workshop classes with the most credits and the biggest workload are Architectural Project, Structure and Implementation Project, Relief and Restoration Project, and Urban Planning & Design Project, all of which must be successfully completed. All of the knowledge acquired from courses such as architectural history, architecture and art theories, restoration techniques, urban theories, physical environment information, materials, construction elements, and from other theoretical and practical courses as well as the knowledge the student will gain from his own research and observations become part of the data dealt with in these workshop classes.Qualifications Required of Students and Job Opportunities
Students wishing to study architecture must be successful in the fields of mathematics, physics and drawing. In addition, they must be able to think in three dimensions and have a strong drawing ability.
Graduates of architecture can work in a variety of positions in public and private organizations since they receive basic architectural, art and design training. They graduate with skills that allow them to think logically and with an inclination for interdisciplinary group studies. Because they can open their own private offices, they have the opportunity to make their own world views physically visible. Graduates can also pursue an academic career in the master's and doctoral programs.