Biochemistry is an interdisciplinary branch of science that studies the organization and functions of biological structures at a molecular level. Biochemistry, therefore, investigates the chemical structures of the components in living organisms, the biological functions of these structures, the metabolism, that is, whole sets of non-stop constructive and destructive chemical activities in a living being, organic substances such as proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids, and vitamins and hormones. In short, biochemistry analyzes biochemical reactions, which are considered as the basis of symptoms of vitality, the substances that store and transmit biological information, and the chemical composition of living things.
The objective of biochemistry is to conduct research and education on subjects that relate to biological sciences, health sciences, nutrition, and environmental phenomena. It is closely related to a large number of scientific fields, such as medicine, biology and health sciences, organic chemistry, biophysics, the medical science, the science of food and nutrition, microbiology, physiology, cytology, and genetics. It benefits from organic chemistry, inorganic chemistry, physical chemistry, physiology, biology and microbiology. It also utilizes experimental methods and tools.
A biochemist does research on nutrition, the effects of genetic drugs, the chemical changes that result from diseases and small organisms that lead to the formation of diseases. It is a biochemist's job to conduct studies in order to produce various biochemical substances, in a lab environment, such as protein, blood serum protein, amino acid, and organic acid. This job also involves the preparation of cell and tissue cultures, the analysis of the effects of chemical and biological contaminants on organisms, and carrying out studies on food chemistry and technology, fermentation, food microbiology, food hygiene and a healthy diet.Why Department of Biochemistry in Turkey?
Already one of today's most popular fields of science, biochemistry will become increasingly important in the future since it is one of the basic sciences employed in all biological, medical, and pharmaceutical research.
Although a field that has only recently begun gaining recognition in Turkey, it is already becoming a valuable academic program whose importance and impact cannot be overlooked. A fact that surely renders this program a very appealing one to students is that the number of biochemical programs in Turkish universities as well as all the rest of the world is small, and this gives their accordingly small number of graduates a better of employment after graduating.Biochemistry Education
Turkish universities currently offer associate, graduate and post-graduate degrees in biochemistry. Some of the courses at the associate level are biology, microbiology, physiology, histology, inorganic chemistry, and analytical chemistry. The undergrad education, is divided into two sub-branches after the second year as Biochemistry and Chemistry Oriented toward Biotechnology. In accordance with the sub-branch they select, graduates receive the title of Biochemist or Biochemist Oriented toward Biotechnology.
Those who prefer Biochemistry take, as part of the program, courses such as biology, chemistry, physics, organic chemistry, biophysical chemistry, bioorganic chemistry, histology, enzymology, microbiology, chemistry, medicine, nutrition, toxicology, clinical chemistry, genetics, fermentation technology, industrial hygiene, and waste recycling and treatment methods.
The training at the Biochemistry department enables the graduates to establish up-to-date links between biological sciences and other disciplines and to think analytically.Qualifications Required of Students and Job Opportunities
Applicants who wish to work in the field of biochemistry are expected to be interested in biology and chemistry courses. Patient students with an aptness for mathematics and physical sciences, a curious and inquisitive mind, and willingness to do experiments are more likely to successfully graduate from this program.
Biochemistry graduates have a wide range of job opportunities. They can work in food industry, in the production of pharmaceutical, medical, and chemical substances, in the synthesis of pesticides, in the cosmetics and detergent industries, in industrial fields that heavily depend on fermentation technology, and also in research labs. In addition, graduates of biochemistry carry out tests on health with regard to production processes, develop new testing methods, and participate in their application. Biochemistry students or graduates can also be employed as medical lab teachers if they receive educational formation.